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According to Bharata , there are 8 rasas and this was accepted till ,Uddhata ,the first commentator on Natya Shastra began to speak of Rasa as nine in number.
A shloka describing all the nine Rasas says:
Shringăram kshithinandiniiviharane viiram dhanurbhanjane
Kărunyam hanumantham adbhutharasam sindhau girisdhăpane
Hăsyam shuurppanakhămukhe bhayamakhe biibhatsamanyămukhe
Raudram răvanamarddane munijane săntham param păthunah
"He whose body is in the sentiment of Shringara as he moves with Sita;
In Vira, as he breaks the mighty bow;
In Karuna, as he protects th crow;
In Adhbuta, as he looks at the bridge of stones across the ocean;
In Hasya, as he watches Surpanakha;
In Bhayanaka and Bibhatsa, as he gazes upon others, except Sita;
In Raudra, as he kills Ravana;
In Shanta as he sees the Sages;
May, He, Lord Rama, protect us !"
Amongst the eight rasas, four rasas happen to be the sources of the other four rasas:
Shringara comes from Hasya, from Raudra comes the Karuna, from the Vira comes the Adhbuta and from the the Bibhatsa comes the Bhayanaka.
All the Rasas provide scope for presentation . However, it is the Shringara Rasa in its manifestations which provide maximum subject matter for composing the dance. For instance, songs which delineate the Ashtanayika theme have their basis , the Shringara Rasa.
It is imperative at this stage to understand that the emotion of love or the Shringara Rasa when depicted in Dance, has a deeper philosophical and metaphysical intent. There is an inherent religious symbolism contained while presenting the Shringara Rasa. Indian Dance has always been regarded as a meduim of worship - an offering to the God. It is the search of human soul (Atman) for the Supreme and its desire to unite with the Ultimate (Brahma). The Bhakti Rasa or the feeling of piety and devotion ought to underline any presentation of Shringara Rasa. It ought to be a case of "AntarBhakti-BahirShingara" (internal devotion in the external manifestation of love) wherein the love depicted is not the earthy physical emotion but the sublime longing of the soul for Union with the Lord.